Patient Volume and Diversity
The Importance of Patients
The General Medicine Services
A central feature of Tulane’s training program is that all patients are admitted to a general internal medicine teaching service. There are no non-teaching services at Tulane, and there are no private attendings. The Tulane resident teams are the gateway for every internal medicine patient admitted to our three hospitals. This ensures that the Tulane residents have maximum autonomy: there are no private attendings abusing the residents by barking orders and not teaching. The teaching hospitalists, chosen for their teaching abilities, supervise all of the general medicine teaching services. They have been trained to ensure that it is the resident team, empowered by Resident Rounds (where the attending is not present), that makes all of the patient-care decisions. The fact that all patients move through the general internal medicine teaching teams also keeps the residents’ exposure honest: absolutely anything could be encountered on a call day (acute MI, Crohn’s, sarcoid, HIV, acute lupus, stroke, undiagnosed malignancy, etc.), and this keeps the resident’s assessment honest. It also ensures that the Tulane resident leaves training with the valuable skill of being able to managed multi-organ disease simultaneously, trained to think of the consequences of her intervention to fix one organ on other organs. It is not the same to be in a program where the patients are pre-triaged (i.e., the resident on a “renal” service more or less knows that all patients admitted to him will have some renal problem… and only patients with renal problems will he see). Further, while Tulane Hospital serves as quaternary care center (referrals from tertiary care centers in the Gulf South), almost all patients admitted to the Tulane Internal Medicine services are presenting with undiagnosed disease. This is important in your development at this stage of your career. It is not the same to work within a residency program that solely admits patients from primary providers who have already diagnosed the disease.
Procedures and Studies
The final component of the patient exposure at Tulane is this tenet: We do all of our own procedures, and we read all of our own studies. The presence of the teaching hospitalists throughout the day (i.e., they have no clinic or procedure to rush off to in the afternoon), ensures appropriate supervision for all procedures, and more importantly, ensures that procedures are not farmed out to other services (i.e., interventional radiology, pathology, surgery, etc.). At the conclusion of your intern year at Tulane, you will have fulfilled all of your procedural minimums for the whole of your training: central lines, lumbar punctures, joint tabs, pericentesis and thoracentesis…. And this will enable you to supervise these procedures over the next two years, further increasing your procedural competence. Indeed, Tulane will offer you the opportunity to perform procedures that have been long since lost in most training programs: bone marrow biopsies, intubations, PICC lines ,etc. Supplementing (and empowering safety) your procedural training is the six-million dollar Tulane Virtual Hospital (simulation center). The final component is your dedicated procedure rotation during both your intern and resident years. As an intern, in addition to participating in the resident-level procedures, you’ll round with the phlebotomy team, learning the lost art of veinpuncture and insertion of IV’s. As a resident on this rotation, you’ll have the opportunity to work with our dedicated procedure room/pulmonary faculty in doing thoracentesis, our cardiologists in the cath lab, perfecting your central line insertion skills, and our liver transplant specialists in perfecting your paracentesis skills.
Charity Hospital was founded in 1737: fifty years before your country (assuming that ratification of the Constitution in 1787 was the start of the USA). It is the longest continually running public hospital in the country. It will be there long after we have all come and gone. Tulane’s involvement with staffing the Charity wards dates back to 1834. Almost since it’s inception, Charity and Tulane have been partners in delivering healthcare to the underserved. Over 270 years, there have been six buildings that housed the Charity Institution…. And now we are in our seventh! Check out the photos below…. The new 500-bed facility is arguably the most beautiful facility for an urban safety-net hospital. It is simply astounding, and that is what our patients deserve.
The average daily admission census to the medical service is 11 per night. There are no subspecialty services and no patients managed by private physicians at Charity, so all admissions go to the general medical ward team (the residency team). There are four teams, and each team is comprised of one attending, one resident and two interns (plus medical students). The ICU is comprised of four teams of one resident and one intern per team. In the first three weeks of the rotation, the teams do every third day of day-time-only call. On the forth week of the rotation (after becoming very familiar with the patients in the preceding three weeks), one of the teams manages the nights.
Tulane Hospital is owned by HCA, and in a partnership with the Tulane Medical School and Tulane University, provides full service coverage ranging from indigent health care to referral-based care to the highest level of technologic services. It is the largest fully functioning hospital in Orleans Parrish. The average admissions per night is 14, and admissions cover all subspecialty areas. As with Charity, there are no subspecialty services and no patients managed by private physicians, so all admissions go to the general medical ward team (the residency team). There are four teams (every fourth night call), and each team is comprised of one attending, one resident and two interns (plus medical students). Like Charity, the ICU is comprised of four teams of one resident and one intern per team. In the first three weeks of the rotation, the teams do every third day of day-time-only call. On the forth week of the rotation, one of the teams manages the nights.
Veterans Affairs Hospital
The VA Hospital is in the process of building a new hospital facility that will be located within blocks of Tulane. For now, the VA service is fully-functional as leased space through Tulane Hospital. The VA service has separate residency teams (but still Tulane residents) from the Tulane teams (see above). Like all VA’s, it serves as the referral location for all VA admissions in the area, ranging from Western to Mississippi to Eastern Texas. It provides full service coverage ranging from general medicine to subspecialty care. The average admissions per night is eight, and admissions cover all subspecialty areas. As with Charity & Tulane, there are no subspecialty services and no patients managed by private physicians; all admissions go to the general medical ward team (the residency team). There are four teams (every fourth night call), and each team is comprised of one attending, one resident and one intern (plus medical students). The ICU care is provided by the Tulane ICU teams (see above).